What's inside that linear rail block?

Just to save anyone else who wondered what was inside and where the oil / grease went when you squirt it into the hole, here’s some pics of the inside of one of my Hiwin HGH15 linear rail blocks, equiv to the HDZ and I believe the Shapeoko Pro X rails, one of these

On the end we have the central allen head bolt covering the oil / grease port

Looking at the hole it doesn’t go very deep, further inspection yields the result that the ‘reservoir’ is limited to the plastic end cap.

There are also holes on the side which Hiwin state you can open up as optional grease ports which end up squirting lube into the same places.

Taking the two cross-head screws out of the end caps at both ends releases the dust guards which can be unclipped and released

We can’t see what happens to the bearings yet as the plastic endcaps are the ball recirculator races on this type of bearing. Removing the two cross head screws which secure the green end caps onto the steel body (shorter than the ones holding the dust covers on), after the pitter patter of little bearings falling out we get to see the insides.

First up we have the raceways in the block, four pairs of internal & rail facing passages which have a loop at each end in the plastic endcap.

And a close up of the endcap showing the (about three) bearings in each little loop, after you pick them up and carefully put them back in.

The white plastic part is a cap which appears to cover over the lubricant ‘reservoir’ and pathway, looking at the other side of the block we can see the route in from the end-cap face holes and the two optional side-holes.

So, now you don’t need to take yours apart just to see inside it, you’ll need to find some other excuse :wink:

Just remember to do it in a clean dry container which will catch all the balls as they fall out so you’re not dragging magnets around on the carpet.



On a serious note. Please don’t take these apart guys.


Yep, like he said.

That’s a spare block I have which will not affect my machine at all if I’ve borked it.

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